What do we know for sure about homer

What do we know for sure about Homer: The scholars at Alexandria treated him as a single poet who wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey, We know that someone—individually or collectively—wrote The Odyssey, a good deal of controversy surrounds the poet’s identity.

What do we know about Homer?

Homer is the presumed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two hugely influential epic poems of ancient Greece. If Homer did in fact compose the works, he is one of the greatest literary artists in the world, and, through these poems, he affected Western standards and ideas.

What did Homer do that was important?

Homer’s most important contribution to Greek culture was to provide a common set of values that enshrined the Greeks’ own ideas about themselves. His poems provided a fixed model of heroism, nobility and the good life to which all Greeks, especially aristocrats, subscribed.

What is Homer in world history?

Meaning & History From the Greek name Ὅμηρος (Homeros), derived from ὅμηρος (homeros) meaning "hostage, pledge". Homer was the Greek epic poet who wrote the Iliad, about the Trojan War, and the Odyssey, about Odysseus’s journey home after the war.

What do we currently know of the Homer of ancient Greece?


The Greek poet Homer was born sometime between the 12th and 8th centuries BC, possibly somewhere on the coast of Asia Minor. He is famous for the epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey, which have had an enormous effect on Western culture, but very little is known about their alleged author.

What are 6 Facts About Homer?


Here are some of the things that make Homer an interesting character in the world of poems:

  1. Unknown year of birth. …
  2. The Iliad. …
  3. The Odyssey. …
  4. The blind poet. …
  5. He used the earliest alphabet. …
  6. Homeric Hymns. …
  7. Was Homer real? …
  8. A poetic inspiration.

What is Homer’s real name?


From antiquity until the present day, the influence of Homeric epic on Western civilization has been great, inspiring many of its most famous works of literature, music, art and film. …

Native nameὍμηρος
Bornc. 8th cent. BC Location unknown
DiedIos, Greece
LanguageHomeric Greek

What is the purpose of Odysseus journey?

While The Odyssey is not told chronologically or from a single perspective, the poem is organized around a single goal: Odysseus’s return to his homeland of Ithaca, where he will defeat the rude suitors camped in his palace and reunite with his loyal wife, Penelope.

How did Homer influence Western culture?

The formative influence of the Homeric epics in shaping Greek culture was widely recognized, and Homer was described as the “Teacher of Greece.” Homer’s works, some 50% of which are speeches, provided models in persuasive speaking and writing that were emulated throughout the ancient and medieval Greek worlds.

How did Plato describe Homer?

In the words of Plato’s Socrates, Homer was “the poet who educated Greece” (Rep.

Does Homer mean hostage?

However, since the existence of the Homeridae is authenticated while that of Homer is not, and since Greek homeros is a common noun meaning "hostage", it was suggested even in ancient times that the Homeridae were in reality "children (or descendants) of hostages".

Why is Homer called Homer?


Naming the characters after members of his own family, Groening named Homer after his father, who himself had been named after the ancient Greek poet of the same name.

What does Homer mean in the Bible?

A homer (Hebrew: חמר ḥămōr, plural חמרם ḥomārim; also כּר kōr) is a biblical unit of volume used for liquids and dry goods. One homer is equal to 10 baths, or what was also equivalent to 30 seahs; each seah being the equivalent in volume to six kabs, and each kab equivalent in volume to 24 medium-sized eggs.

Is Homer’s Odyssey a true story?


The obvious conclusion is that The Odyssey is an amalgam of real and fictional characters. Gustav Schwab, Odysseus returns to fight the suitors (1892). We also looked at to what extent certain characters in the story make connections in the way you would expect in the real world.

How did Homer tell his stories?

Homer is most known for his epic poetry. This is a form of poetry that tells a whole story, or is a compilation of several stories at once. Bards who either sung or spoke the words while accompanying their tale with a stringed instrument traditionally performed them.

What are three facts about Sparta?

Interesting Facts about Sparta

  1. Boys were encouraged to steal food. …
  2. Spartan men were required to stay fit and ready to fight until the age of 60.
  3. The term "spartan" is often used to describe something simple or without comfort.
  4. The Spartans considered themselves to be direct descendents of the Greek hero Hercules.

Why is Iliad and Odyssey important?

The Iliad and The Odyssey influenced the world through their formative influence on ancient Greek culture, literature, and religion. They portray Greek gods as powerful yet chaotic, and the human world as one in which valiant behavior and respect for the divine can grant individuals lasting glory.

What are the 3 seas that surround Greece?


Land. Greece is bordered to the east by the Aegean Sea, to the south by the Mediterranean Sea, and to the west by the Ionian Sea.

Why did Homer wrote The Odyssey?


Scholars date the writing of the Odyssey to about 725–675 bce. The poem was intended for oral performance.

Who wrote Iliad and Odyssey?



Iliad & Odyssey / Author

How do modern historians view Homer?

Homer is an historical figure. This is because Homers epics the Iliad and the Odyssey are the foremost leading sources for information on a beneficial number of mythological figures. The Iliad is a reliable source of information about the city of Troy in the late Bronze Age.

What is Homer’s message in The Odyssey?

Among the themes explored by “The Odyssey” are those of homecoming, vengeance, the restoration of order, hospitality, respect for the gods, order and fate, and, perhaps most importantly, loyalty (Odysseus’ loyalty in persisting in his attempts to return home, even after twenty years, Telemachus’ loyalty, Penelope’s …

What is the moral lesson of Odyssey?

Odysseus’s portrayal of Bravery, Intelligence, and wit leads to him becoming a symbol of Greek culture. The story of Odysseus reveals moral lessons of bravery, heroism, pride and honor relevant to the Greeks and their culture. Odysseus was a symbol of Greek culture because he was brave, intelligent, and strong.

What lessons does Odysseus learn on his journey?

Odysseus Lessons In Homer’s Odyssey The men and Odysseus learn valuable lessons throughout their epic journey, but in the episode the most important lessons they learn are; temptation can lead to death, being obedient can save your life, and trust your instincts.

What is the significance of the Greek myths?

Greek Mythology and Gods. Myths are stories created to teach people about something important and meaningful. They were often used to teach people about events that they could not always understand, such as illness and death, or earthquakes and floods.

Who was inspired by Homer?

Homer influenced many authors. Shakespeare, John Keats, and Walt Whitman were some of the many who were inspired by Homer (Lombardi).

How does the Odyssey influence us today?


One of the significant ways the Odyssey is relevant to the modern day is through its examination of mortality, as through this we can see how the text teaches us to respect the dead, but also how in turn the text suggests we live our lives.

What is Plato’s argument against Homer?

First, Plato objects that Homer’s myths have no regard for the truth (5.1). Second, Plato rejects Homer’s heroes for thinking that death as the worst fate; but death does not hold such terror for those who know that the cosmos is so ordered that no evil can befall a good man—if not in this life, then in the next (5.2).

Did Aristotle influence Homer?

Similar to Plato, Aristotle was steeped in Homeric tradition but clearly saw another side to Homer that Plato had difficulty recognizing. Although there is much agreement between Plato and Aristotle; what Plato condemns in Homer’s Iliad, Aristotle looks at differently.

Does Iliad offer no morals?

The Iliad, the story of the Trojan War, offers several moral lessons to its readers, including the importance of leaders treating their soldiers with respect, the importance of accepting apologies, and the need for respecting family bonds.

Who conquered ancient Greece?

the Romans

Ancient Greece was one of the dominant civilizations in the Mediterranean and the world for hundreds of years. Like all civilizations, however, Ancient Greece eventually fell into decline and was conquered by the Romans, a new and rising world power.

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