where is st andrews golf course

Old Course

Swilken Bridge, Old Course geograph-6310525-by-Gordon-Hatton.jpg

The Old Course’sSwilcan Bridge, 2019

Club information

Old Course at St Andrews is located in Fife

Old Course at St Andrews

Location inFife, Scotland

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Coordinates 56°20′35″N 2°48′11″W / 56.343°N 2.803°WCoordinates:56°20′35″N 2°48′11″W / 56.343°N 2.803°W
Location St Andrews,Scotland
Established 1552 (470 years ago)
Type Public
Owned by Fife Council[1]
Operated by St Andrews Links Trust
Total holes 18
Events hosted The Open Championship,Alfred Dunhill Links Championship,St Andrews Links Trophy
Website Old Course
Par 72
Length 7,305 yards (6,680 m)
Course record 61;Ross Fisher(2017)

TheOld Course at St Andrews, also known as theOld Ladyor theGrand Old Lady,[2][3][4]is considered the oldestgolf course.[5][6]It is a public course overcommon landinSt Andrews,Fife,Scotlandand is held in trust by theSt Andrews Links Trustunder an act ofParliament.The Royal and Ancient Golf Club of St Andrewsclubhouse sits adjacent to the firsttee, although it is but one of many clubs (St Andrews Golf Club,The New Golf Club, St Regulus Ladies Golf Club andThe St Rule Clubare the other clubs with clubhouses) that have playing rights on the course, as well as several non-clubhouse owning clubs and the general public. Originally known as the “golfing grounds” of St Andrews, it was not until the New Course was constructed in 1895 that it became recognized as the Old Course.[7]


Many believe the Old Course at St Andrews to be the “birthplace of golf,” since the sport was originally played on the Links at St Andrews in the early 15th century.[8]Until recently, golf was growing more popular in Scotland.James II of ScotlandIn 1457, he prohibited the game because he believed that young men were spending too much time playing golf instead of practicing archery.[9]The ban was upheld byJames III, and remained in force until 1502, whenJames IVbecame a golfer himself and removed the ban.[10]


In 1552,Archbishop John Hamiltongave the townspeople of St Andrews the right to play on the links. The Royal Society was created in 1754 by 22 noblemen, academics, and landowners.Society of St Andrews GolfersThis culture would ultimately form the model forThe R&Awhich is the governing organization for golf worldwide except the United StatesUnited StatesandMexico.[11]When St Andrews Links declared bankruptcy in 1797, it caused quite a stir.[11]To compete with golf for popularity, the Town Council of St Andrews agreed to allow rabbit farming on the golf course. Twenty years of legal wrangling between golfers and rabbit farmers came to a close in 1821, when a local landowner and golfer called James Cheape ofStrathtyrumacquired the property and is credited for preserving the golf courses.[8]

For many years, the course evolved without the assistance of any single architect, though Daw Anderson made significant contributions to its design in the 1850s and 1860s.Old Tom Morris(1865-1908), who created the first and eighth holes. It was originally played on the same set of fairways out and back to the same holes. As interest in the game increased, groups of golfers would often be playing the same hole, but going in different directions.[8]

Influence on modern golf[edit]

The Royal St Andrews Golfing Society ordered a study of the golf course across the links of St Andrews.

The Old Course was critical in shaping how the game is played now. For instance, in 1764, the course had 22 holes and the members would play the same hole going out and in with the exception of the 11th and 22nd holes.William St Clair of Roslinas the captain ofThe Captain and Gentlemen GolfersOn October 4, 1764, improvements to St Andrews were permitted.[12]He decided that the first four and last four holes on the course were too short and should be combined into four total holes (two in and two out). St Andrews had 18 holes at the time, and this is how the standard of 18 holes was established.[13]Around 1863,Old Tom Morrishad the 1st green separated from the 17th green, producing the current 18-hole layout with 7 double greens and 4 single greens. The Old Course is whereThe Open Championship, golf’s oldest major competition. The Old Course has hosted this major 30 times since 1873, most recently in 2022. The 30Open ChampionshipsThe Old Course has hosted more Opens than any other course, and The Open is now held there every five years.

Old Course and Bobby Jones[edit]

Bobby Jones(who later foundedAugusta National) first played St Andrews in the 1921Open Championship. On the 11th hole of the third round, he memorably shot his ball into a bunker. He lost his cool after four swings at the ball and still couldn’t get out, so he finished the round but did not turn in his score card, disqualifying himself. He did, however, play on until the fourth round. Jones returned six years later when the Open Championship returned to St Andrews. He not only won, but he also became the first amateur to win consecutive Open Championships. He won from start to finish, shooting a 285 (7-under-par), the lowest score at either aU.S. Openor Open Championship at the time. He won the competition by a margin of six strokes.

In 1930, Jones returned to St Andrews for theBritish Amateur.[14]He won, beatingRoger WetheredThe final match was won by a score of 7 to 6. He subsequently won the other three majors, making him the only man in the history of the sport to win theGrand Slam. Jones was smitten with the Old Course for the rest of his life. Years later, he said “If I had to select one course upon which to play the match of my life, I should have selected the Old Course.” Jones was awarded the St Andrews Medal in 1958.key to the cityHe was just the second American to earn the honor (the first beingBenjamin Franklinin 1759). After he received the key, he said “I could take out of my life everything but my experiences here in St Andrews and I would still have had a rich and full life.”[15]

Features and hazards[edit]

ESPN“No other golf course has as many iconic features as (the Old Course) St. Andrews, its 112 bunkers and infinite hills and hollows have been cursed for generations, and many have their own names and folklore,” has stated of the course.[16]Hull bunker on the 15th fairway was the final bunker to be filled in on the course in 1949.[17]

Hole(s) Name of hazard or feature Type of hazard or feature Notes Image
(Click to expand)
All holes on the course Direction of play Until the nineteenth century, the Old Course was played clockwise.Old Tom MorrisAround 1870, the 1st and 17th greens were divided. From then, the course was played in an anti-clockwise direction on alternate weeks in order to let the grass recover better.[18]Anti-clockwise play is currently the norm, while clockwise play has been allowed on one day each year in previous years. The course is closed on Sundays to allow it to rest.[19][20]On occasional Sundays, the course is transformed into a park for residents who come out to walk, eat, and generally enjoy the surroundings.
Flags The course’s first (front) nine holes feature white flags, whereas the back nine holes (save the 18th) have red flags.
The 18th green has a white flag to distinguish it from the red.Hamilton Grandbuilding.[21]
The Old Course 7th (white) & 17th (red) flags.png
7th hole (white flag)
17th hole (red flag)
1 and 18 The Swilcan Burn Water hazard(Watercourse) This waterway flows fromSt AndrewsintoSt Andrews Bayacross the Old Course Swilken Burn (St Andrews)-geograph-5530286-by-Tim-Glover.jpg

The Swilcan Burn

Swilcan Bridge Footbridge The Swilcan Burn is crossed by this little stone bridge.
The bridge is about 30 feet (9.1 meters) long, 8 feet (2.4 meters) broad, and 6 feet (1.8 meters) tall.
Originally constructed at least 700 years ago to assist shepherds in transporting cattle over the Swilcan Burn.
Swilken Bridge - - 999441.jpg

The Swilcan Bridge

Grannie Clark’s Wynd Footpath A one lane paved public road.[22]
It was originally used to transport boats from the town center to West Sands Beach.[22]
Granny Clark's Wynd on the 18th hole on the Old Course @ St Andrews-geograph-5515245-by-Scott-Cormie.jpg

Grannie Clark’s Wynd

Bunkers The 1st and 18th holes do not have any bunkers.[23][17]However, until around 1840, there existed a massive bunker in the center of the fairway called Halket’s bunker, which was eventually filled in.[17] Old Course St Andrews The 18th Fairway - - 361966.jpg

The 1st and 18th holes

1, 9, 17
and 18
Greens The 1st, 9th, 17th and 18th holes have their own greens. The greens on the other holes are shared.[24]
2 and 17 Cheape’s bunker Bunker This bunker is named after Sir James Cheape who acquired the golf course from rabbit farmers in 1821.[25]

The golf course was sold to a subsequent generation of the family.The Royal and Ancientin 1892, who sold it to the town of St Andrews a year later.[25]

3 Cartgate bunker Bunker A large bunker protecting the third green.[26] St.Andrews Old Course, 3rd Hole, Cartgate out (geograph 5515114).jpg
4 Students’ bunker Bunker Three tiny bunkers approximately 50 yards short of the green were supposedly popular with students looking to attract females in the past.[27] St.Andrews Old Course, 4th Hole, Ginger Beer (geograph 5515121).jpg
5 The Spectacles bunkers Bunkers There are two bunkers on each side of the approach to the fifth green.[28] St.Andrews Old Course, 5th Hole, Hole O'Cross out (geograph 5515132).jpg
Seven Sisters Bunkers The Seven Sisters bunkers were excavated after the1905 Openby removing thegotse.[17]
5 and 14 The Elysian Fields Fairway The fairway between the Beardies bunkers andout of bounds.[26]
6 Nick’s bunker Bunker [29]

Bunkers, 6th hole, St Andrews Old Course - - 2405160.jpg
The 6th bunker

7 and 11 Cockleshell bunker Bunker A large bunker between the 7th and 11th holes.[30][31]
7, 8, 9, 10, 11, and 12 The Loop A group of 6 holes At the extreme end of the course, there are six crisscrossing holes.[16]
8 Short Hole bunker Bunker This is the main hazard on the 8th hole.[32] St.Andrews Old Course, 8th Hole, Short (geograph 5515152).jpg
9 Boase’s bunker Bunkers Deep pot bunkers[33] St.Andrews Old Course, 9th Hole, End (geograph 5515157).jpg
End hole bunker Bunkers Deep pot bunkers[33]
10 Kruger bunkers Bunkers Built during theSecond Boer Warwhen the British were fighting in theTransvaal Republic, whose president wasPaul Kruger.
Mrs Kruger and Kruger’s mistress are the names of the bunkers.[34]
St.Andrews Old Course, 10th Hole, Bobby Jones (geograph 5515162).jpg
11 Hill bunker Bunker [35][20][31] St.Andrews Old Course, 11th Hole, High in (geograph 5515168).jpg
Strath bunker Bunker The Strath bunker is in front of the green.[36][31]
Eden bunker Bunker [31]
Shelly bunker Bunker [31]
12 Stroke bunker Bunker The golfer is believed to lose at least one stroke if the ball goes in there.[37] St.Andrews Old Course, 12th Hole, Heathery in (geograph 5515174).jpg
Admiral’s bunker Bunker According to legend, an Admiral fell into it after staring too long at a young American lady wearing a red mini-skirt and white shoes.[38]
13 Walkinshaw bunker Bunker According to legend, it was named after a local golfer who kept going into it.[39] St.Andrews Old Course, 13th Hole, Hole O'Cross in (geograph 5515181).jpg
Lions Mouth bunker Bunker [26]
Coffin bunkers Bunker A group of three bunkers located in the centre of the 13th fairway. The bunkers get their name from their shape.[40]
14 The Beardies bunkers 4 bunkers The term comes from four little bunkers that are reported to be difficult to mow.[41]
Kitchen bunker Bunker A little pot bunker in the form of a coffin.[42]
Benty bunker Bunker [42]
Hell bunker Bunker Golf MonthlyIt is “one of the world’s most infamous golfing hazards,” according to the author. It covers an area of 300 square yards (250 m2) and between 7 feet (2.1 m) and 10 feet (3.0 m) deep.[43][41] Hell Bunker, 14th hole, Old Course, St.Andrews-geograph-5178864-by-Scott-Cormie.jpg

Hell bunker

Grave bunker Bunker [42]
Pulpit bunker Bunker A pot bunker just above Hell bunker.Golf Monthlystated it is so called because “you can stare down into Hell (bunker)”.[43]
15 Miss Grainger’s Bosoms 2Mounds The 15th hole has two notable mounds named for renowned local 19th-century golfer Agnes Grainger.[16]She used to be a member of theSt Andrews Ladies’ Putting Club.[44] St.Andrews Old Course, 15th Hole, Cartgate in (geograph 5515199).jpg
Cottage bunker Bunker Pilmour Cottage, which is now Pilmour House and the Eden Clubhouse, is referred to.[35]
Rob’s bunkers Bunkers [26]
Sutherland bunker Bunker A little bunker around 260 yards behind the considerably larger Cottage bunker was filled up in 1869.
However, it resurfaced three days later. The golfer thought to be responsible for restoring it,
AG Sutherland had it named after him, which was subsequently shown to be false.
16 Principal’s Nose bunkers 4 bunkers According to legend, the bunkers are called for Mr Haldane, a 19th-century head of St Mary’s College with a large nose, or the front porch of Sir Hugh Playfair’s South Street House, which was dubbed so.[45] St.Andrews Old Course, 16th Hole, Corner of the Dyke-geograph-5515205-by-Scott-Cormie.jpg

Principal’s Nose bunkers

Deacon Sime bunker Bunker About 30 yards behind the cluster of the Principal’s Nose.[32]
Grant’s bunker Bunker [32]
Wig bunker Bunker [32]
(The Road Hole)
Theold railwaysheds (part of theOld Course Hotel) Previouslyrailway sheds. [46][21] 17th Hole, Old Course. The Old Course Hotel, St Andtrews2406188 9637bbe7 (cropped).jpg

Old railway sheds

The Road (Hole) Bunker
(a.k.a. the Sands of Nakajima)[47][48]
Bunker The Heraldhas dubbed the bunker “the world’s most infamous golf hazard.”[48][21] Road hole bunker.jpg

Road Hole bunker

Scholar’s bunker Bunker [35]
The Old Station Road
andstone wall
(out of bounds)
Single-track road [49][21] The Road - - 1441857.jpg

Old Station Road & wall

18 Valley of Sin Depression This is an 8-foot-deep (2.4-meter) dip near the front of the 18th putting green.[50] The 18th (Tom Morris) Hole on the Old Course (St Andrews).jpg

The Open Championship[edit]

The Openhas been staged at the Old Course at St Andrews 30 times. The following champions are listed:

Year Winner Score Notes
R1 R2 R3 R4 Total
1873 ScotlandTom Kidd 91 88 179 The Open Championship was contested on an 18-hole course for the first time. There were two rounds of 18 holes instead of three rounds of 12 holes. Kidd took home £11.
1876 ScotlandBob Martin1st 86 90 176 Bob Martin ended in a tie for first place due to a contentious judgement. In protest, his opponentDavie Strathrefused to participate so Martin walked the course and became the Open Champion. He won £10.
1879 ScotlandJamie Anderson3rd 84 85 169 With this win, Jamie Anderson became the first person to break 170 in the Open Championship. He won £10.
1882 ScotlandBob Ferguson3rd 83 88 171 This was the third straight Open Championship for Ferguson. He won £12.
1885 ScotlandBob Martin2nd 84 87 171 Martin earned £10 in his second Open Championship victory.
1888 ScotlandJack Burns 86 85 171 Burns won after his score was re-added, giving him a one-stroke victory. The winner received £8.
1891 ScotlandHugh Kirkaldy 83 83 166 Kirkaldy’s 166 established the tournament record. This was also the last 36-hole Open Championship. The winner received £10.
1895 EnglandJ.H. Taylor2nd 86 78 80 78 322 This was the first Open to be played over two days (36 holes a day) and a total of 72 holes at St Andrews. At St Andrews, he shot the first rounds under 80. The winner received £30.
1900 EnglandJ.H. Taylor3rd 79 77 78 75 309 This was the first time the “Great Triumvirate” finished 1-2-3 in an open. That was the name given to the three golfers who dominated the game in the late 19th century to the early 20th century. J.H. Taylor, Harry Vardon, and James Braid won 16 Open Championships between 1894 and 1914. Taylor won his third of five Open Championships. The winner received £50.
1905 ScotlandJames Braid2nd 81 78 78 81 318 This was the first time the Open was held across three days, with 36 holes on the final day. Braid was competing in his second of five Open Championships. The winner received £50.
1910 ScotlandJames Braid5th 76 73 74 76 299 This was Braid’s fifth and last Open Championship. With this win he became the first person to break 300 in a four-round Open at St Andrews, and was the first to win five Open Championships. The winner received £50.
1921 United StatesJock Hutchison
72 75 79 70 296PO Born in Scotland, Hutchison was the first American citizen to win the Open Championship with this win. Bobby Jones was also making his debut at St Andrews. He ended up walking off the course after he took four shots to get out of a bunker on the 11th hole. The winner received a portion of £75.
1927 United StatesBobby Jones (a)2nd 68 72 73 72 285(−7) This win marked Bobby Jones’s first Open championship win at St Andrews, his second straight Open Championship, fourth professional major, and his 7th career major (he was a three-time winner of the U.S. Amateur). Jones earned no prize money as an amateur.Aubrey BoomerandFred Robsonresulted in a tie for second place, and the winner’s and second place share of £75 for first place and £50 for second place were pooled and split in half, giving each player 62 pounds and ten shillings.
1933 United StatesDenny Shute 73 73 73 73 292(0) PO In a playoff against Craig Wood, Shute won the Open by five shots. Leo Diegel could have joined them but he whiffed a putt on the 72nd hole, finishing one shot off the lead. The winner received £100.
1939 EnglandDick Burton 70 72 77 71 290(−2) Because of World War II, the 1939 Open was the last Open until 1946.World War II. TheRoyal Air ForceThe Old Course’s fairways were utilized as runways. Burton held the Claret Jug the longest (7 years), until the tournament resumed in1946, also at St Andrews. The winner’s share was £100.
1946 United StatesSam Snead 71 70 74 75 290(−2) Despite the fact that Sam Snead won the first Open Championship since1939Despite this, he lost money due to the expensive trip expenditures; his winner’s share was £150. When taking the train into St Andrews, Sam Snead is quoted for looking out of the window and saying “Say, that looks like an old abandoned golf course” about the Old Course.
1955 AustraliaPeter Thomson2nd 71 68 70 72 281(−7) This was the second of Thomson’s three straight Open titles, and five overall. His winnings totaled £1,000.
1957 South AfricaBobby Locke4th 69 72 68 70 279(−9) Locke won the Open four times between 1949 and 1957. He survived a possible disqualification when he marked his ball on the 72nd green, and played his ball without replacing his ball mark. The R&A decided that because he had a three shot lead, and he didn’t gain an advantage, that in the spirit of the game, he should not be disqualified. The prize money was £1,000 for the winner.
1960 AustraliaKel Nagle 69 67 71 71 278(−10) This was the 100th anniversary of the Open Championship, albeit it was not the 100th Open Championship to be contested owing to conflicts.Arnold Palmerfinished second and is credited with returning the Open to the eyes of Americans. The winner received £1,250.
1964 United StatesTony Lema 73 68 68 70 279(−9) From 1962 to 1966, Lema won 12 times on tour, but this was his only major. He won by five shots over Jack Nicklaus, and his winner’s share was £1,500.
1970 United StatesJack Nicklaus2nd 68 69 73 73 283(−5)PO Doug Sanders bogeyed the 72nd hole after missing a difficult two and a half-foot (0.75 m) putt. He finished tied with Jack Nicklaus. The playoff the next day came down to 18th hole and Nicklaus birdied to win; it was his second Open title and eighth overall major; the winner’s share was £5,250.
1978 United StatesJack Nicklaus3rd 71 72 69 69 281(−7) Nicklaus completed the career Grand Slam (winning all four majors in your career at least once) for the third time making it his third Open Championship. The winner received £12,500.
1984 SpainSeve Ballesteros2nd 69 68 70 69 276(−12) Ballesteros birdied the 72nd hole to win by two. His winnings totaled £50,000.
1990 EnglandNick Faldo2nd 67 65 67 71 270(−18) Faldo set the Open championship scoring record shooting 18 under par, winning his second major of the year, his second Open Championship and his fourth overall major. The winner received £85,000.
1995 United StatesJohn Daly 67 71 73 71 282(−6)PO Daly defeatedCostantino Roccain a four-hole playoff to win the Open title and £125,000. Arnold Palmer’s last Open Championship participation, and the first forTiger Woods.
2000 United StatesTiger Woods1st 67 66 67 69 269(−19) Winning the 2000 Open was Tiger Woods’s second consecutive major championship, making him the fifth golfer and the youngest to complete the career Grand Slam. cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval cheval chevalgültig cheval2000 U.S. OpenatPebble BeachHe went on to win the to complete the “Tiger Slam.”2000 PGA ChampionshipatValhalla Golf Cluband the2001 MastersatAugusta National. Woods did not hit a single bunker the entire tournament, won by eight strokes, and set the new Open Championship scoring record with 19 under par. The winner received £500,000 in prize money.
2005 United StatesTiger Woods2nd 66 67 71 70 274(−14) Woods won his tenth major title, the fourth by five shots or more. It was the last Open Championship for Jack Nicklaus. The winner received £720,000.
2010 South AfricaLouis Oosthuizen 65 67 69 71 272(−16) On the 150th anniversary ofthe first Open Championship, Oosthuizen played consistently well, winning the Open by seven strokes with a 16-under-par 272 score.Rory McIlroyThe winner’s share was £850,000 after shooting a 63 in the first round.
2015 United StatesZach Johnson 66 71 70 66 273(−15)PO In the 144th playing of the Open Championship, Zach Johnson emerged from a three-man playoff to win the tournament. The R&A granted Tom Watson a special exemption so that he may complete his Open career at the Old Course. The tournament finished on Monday due to the extremely high winds that arose during Saturday’s round. Johnson was beaten.Louis OosthuizenandMarc LeishmanA four-hole playoff was held. The winner’s share was £1,150,000.
2022 AustraliaCameron Smith 67 64 73 64 268(−20) Smith came from four strokes behind the third-round leaders in the 150th Open Championship, shooting a final-round 64.Rory McIlroyandViktor Hovlandto win by one fromCameron Young. Smith’s winning score of 268 (20 under par) created a new record for the lowest aggregate over the Old Course in the Open, and equaled the championship to-par mark, achieved byHenrik StensonatTroonin2016. The winner’s share was £2,100,000.[51]
  • Note that multiple Open Championship winners have superscript ordinal specifying which in their individual careers.
  • (a) denotesamateur


Hole Name Yards Par Hole Name Yards Par
1 Burn 376 4 10 Bobby Jones 386 4
2 Dyke 453 4 11 High (In) 174 3
3 Cartgate (Out) 397 4 12 Heathery (In) 348 4
4 Ginger Beer 480 4 13 Hole O’Cross (In) 465 4
5 Hole O’Cross (Out) 568 5 14 Long 618 5
6 Heathery (Out) 412 4 15 Cartgate (In) 455 4
7 High (Out) 371 4 16 Corner of the Dyke 423 4
8 Short 175 3 17 Road 495 4
9 End 352 4 18 Tom Morris 357 4
Out 3,584 36 In 3,721 36
Source:[6] Total 7,305 72
Old Course[52]

Tee Rating/Slope 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Out 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 In Total
Par Men/Women 4 4/5 4 4/5 5 4 4 3 4 36/38 4 3 4 4/5 5 4 4 4/5 4 36/38 72/76
SI Men/Women 10/12 6/14 16/8 8/6 2 12/10 4 14/18 18/16 15/13 7/17 3 11 1 9/5 13/9 5/7 17/15
Black M: 73.1 / 132 376 411 370 419 514 374 359 166 347 3336 340 174 316 418 530 414 381 455 357 3385 6721
Blue M: 71.4 / 129 355 395 337 411 514 360 349 154 289 3164 311 164 304 388 523 391 345 436 361 3223 6387
Green M: 69.9 / 125
W: 75.5 / 138
339 375 321 401 454 325 335 145 261 2956 296 150 304 377 487 369 325 426 342 3076 6032

Women’s British Open[edit]

Winners of theWomen’s British Openat the Old Course at St Andrews:

Year Winner Score
2007 MexicoLorena Ochoa 287 (−5)
2013 United StatesStacy Lewis 280 (–8)

Senior Open Championship[edit]

Winners of theSenior Open Championshipat the Old Course at St Andrews:

Year Winner Score
2018 SpainMiguel Ángel Jiménez 276 (−12)

Structures overlooking the Old Course[edit]

In a clockwise orientation from the north, the following significant buildings overlook the Old Course:

  • St Andrews Links Clubhouse

    St Andrews Links Clubhouse

  • St Andrews Ladies' Putting Club

  • The Caddie Pavilion

    The Caddie Pavilion

  • The Old Pavilion

    The Old Pavilion

  • The R&A World Golf Museum

  • Old Course Starter Hut

    Old Course Starter Hut

  • The Royal and Ancient clubhouse

  • Martyrs' Monument

    Martyrs’ Monument

  • The St Andrews Links Golf Shop

    The St Andrews Links Golf Shop

  • Hamilton Grand

  • The Old Course Shop, previously the St Andrews Woollen Mill Shop

    The Old Course Shop, once the St Andrews Woollen Mill Shop

  • Rusacks Hotel

  • Jigger Inn, previously the St Andrews Links railway station master's cottage.

  • Old Course Hotel

See also[edit]


  1. ^“St Andrews Link Trust appointment”. Archived fromthe originalon 13 January 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2020.
  2. ^“Flawed or wonderful, the Old Lady has an own appeal.”.BBC. 13 July 2010. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  3. ^“Bunkers of St Andrews”.Golf Monthly. 23 October 2011. Retrieved 12 May 2021.
  4. ^“McIlroy stands tall after his short game training pays off with a 65”.The Independent. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  5. ^“Scottish Golf History – Oldest Golf Sites”. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  6. ^Jump up to:ab“St Andrews – The Old Course”. Archived fromthe originalon 21 September 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  7. ^Helen Cook (15 April 2016).St Andrews The Postcard Collection. Amberley Publishing Limited. pp. 136–.ISBN 978-1-4456-4580-3.
  8. ^Jump up to:abc“The Old Course Experience – A Brief History of The Links “. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  9. ^“Acts of Parliament banning golf”.National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  10. ^Andrew Leibs (2004). “Sports and Games of the Renaissance”. p. 69. The Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.
  11. ^Jump up to:ab“St Andrews – A Brief History of The Links”. Archived fromthe originalon 4 July 2012. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  12. ^“The Student Golfer in 1574 St Andrews – Scottish Golf History”.
  13. ^Forrest L. Richardson (2002). “Routing the Golf Course: The Art & Science That Forms the Golf Journey”. p. 46. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
  14. ^Kelly, Morgan (14 June 2005).“Jones’ 1930 feat still stands test of time”.USA Today. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  15. ^DiMeglio, Steve (15 July 2010).“At St Andrews, the birthplace of golf, history and legend collide.”.USA Today. Retrieved 19 February 2013.
  16. ^Jump up to:abc“St. Andrews’ Old tricks”.ESPN. 12 July 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  17. ^Jump up to:abcd“Bunkers of St Andrews”.Golf Monthly. 8 July 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  18. ^“A Step Back in Time – Reversing The Old Course”.Golf Monthly. 2 December 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  19. ^Borden, Sam (12 June 2015).“Sundays on the Old Course at St. Andrews: No Golfers Allowed”.The New York Times. Retrieved 14 June 2015. People are asked to avoid the greens and bunkers. On Sundays, locals and tourists explore the Old Course at St. Andrews as it enjoys a weekly rest.
  20. ^Jump up to:ab“The Old Course”.National Club Golfer. 2 December 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  21. ^Jump up to:abcd“The Old Course / Features and Evolution at Golf’s Birthplace”.R&A Championships. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  22. ^Jump up to:ab“Scotland Has a Good Course in History”.Los Angeles Times. 12 July 2005. Retrieved 22 May 2021.
  23. ^“The sands of time: Bunker down for a history lesson at St Andrews”.The Sydney Morning Herald. 11 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  24. ^“The Old Course” Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  25. ^Jump up to:ab“Hole 2”.BBC. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  26. ^Jump up to:abcd“139th British Open: Old Course card”.The Irish Times. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  27. ^“Hole 4”.BBC. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  28. ^“Hole 5”.BBC. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  29. ^“A caddie’s guide round the home of golf”.The Independent. 18 April 2009. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  30. ^“During the 1984 Open Championship, the seventh and eleventh greens had Shell Bunker in the center.”.University of St Andrews. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  31. ^Jump up to:abcde“The Templates: Eden”The Fried Egg. October 9, 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  32. ^Jump up to:abcd“The Old Course at St. Andrews – Pictures” Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  33. ^Jump up to:ab“Hole 9”.BBC. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  34. ^“Hole 10”.BBC. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  35. ^Jump up to:abc“The Old Course”. Glenderran Guest House. Retrieved 21 June 2021.
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  37. ^“Hole 12”.BBC. 6 July 2010. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
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